French author Patrick Modiano has won the 2014 Nobel Prize for literature.
The Nobel Academy awarded the novelist “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”.
The award – which is presented to a living writer – is worth eight million kronor (£691,000).
Previous winners include literary giants such as Rudyard Kipling, Toni Morrison and Ernest Hemingway.
Modiano, 69, whose work has often focused on World War Two and the 1940s, published his first novel, La Place de l’Etoile, in 1968.
His novel, Missing Person, won the French literary accolade the Prix Goncourt in 1978. In 2012, he won the Austrian State Prize for European Literature.
Modiano, who lives in Paris, is said to rarely give interviews.
The Nobel Academy said it had been unable to tell Modiano the news before the announcement.
A total 111 individuals have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature between 1901 and 2014.
Last year’s winner was Canadian author Alice Munro.
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Source:: BBC Entertainment