Top 5 Deadliest Runway Collisions. These are the deadliest plane crashes that took place on the runway instead of mid-air. Some of these planes crashed before they even took off, others crashed just when they passengers believed they were safe and sound on the ground.
5. 1972 Chicago-O'Hare runway collision
One of the planes was just lifting off the runway when it hit the tail section of another plane that had just landed and that was taxiing across the runway. Immediately after the impact the North Central jet that was trying to take off, carrying 45 persons, dropped back to the runway, with smoke billowing from it. A fire broke out and even though 35 people escaped, another 10 people died in the fire.
4. 1991 LAX runway collision
38-year-old air traffic controller Robin Lee Wascher made a mistake and positioned a SkyWest commuter plane on a Los Angeles International Airport runway where she had just cleared a USAir jetliner to land. The jetliner struck the commuter plane in a fiery explosion that killed 34 people. A horrible detail: Robins parents had died in an aviation accident 14 years before…
3. 2001 Linate Airport disaster
The crash occurred on Oct. 8, 2001, when a SAS airliner bound for Copenhagen and a corporate jet collided in morning fog on a runway in Italy. The airport's ground radar was out of service at the time. The collision killed 110 people on the MD-87 jetliner, 4 people on the Cessna business jet and 4 members of the ground crew, when the SAS plane ploughed into the baggage hangar. Four Italian air traffic control officials were found guilty of manslaughter and were sentenced to prison terms of up to four years and four months.
2. 1990 Guangzhou Baiyun aircraft collisions
This crash was the result of the hijacking of Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 on October 2, 1990. The hijacked aircraft collided with two others on the runways of the old Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport while attempting to land. The hijacked aircraft struck a China Southwest Airlines aircraft first, inflicting only minor damage, but then collided with China Southern Airlines Flight 2812 and flipped on its back. A total of 128 people lost their lives.
1. 1977 Tenerife airport disaster
With a total of 583 fatalities, the crash is the deadliest accident in aviation history. There were two aircraft involved in the Tenerife Airport disaster, a Pan American World Airways and a KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, both of them Boeing 747s. In 1977, Los Rodeos Airport only had one runway and the two aircraft crashed into one another taxiing along it in opposite directions. MANY different factors led to the crash, and the following explosion that killed 583 people. Heavy fog was the most important factor.